Microsoft’s CryptoAPI flaw/CurveBall: a teaser of the quantum threat : Quantum-Safe

The National Security Agency recently discovered a major cryptographic flaw in Microsoft’s low-level code within their operating system. This flaw, now known as CurveBall, was found within Windows CryptoAPI and effects the way Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) x.509 certificates are validated, giving attackers the ability to “undermine how Windows verifies cryptographic trust,” as stated in the NSA’s Cybersecurity Advisory on this issue.

On 14th January 2020, Microsoft released a software update to fix this serious security vulnerability. Yet, due to the potentially severe nature of this vulnerability, they first made the patch available to the US government, military and “other high-value customers/targets that manage key Internet infrastructure.” If exploited by attackers, it would give them the ability to spoof digital signatures, essential for digital security and trust.

Initially reported by Brian Krebs at KrebsOnSecurity, this story has since made headlines in major news outlets, such as the Washington Post, Tech Crunch, and Wired, all of which include public comments from Anne Neuberger, director of the NSA’s Cybersecurity Directorate.

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As governments increasingly recognize the coming threat that quantum computers pose to the encryption that protects everything from military secrets to tax records, ISARA Corp., the world’s leading provider of quantum-safe and crypto-agile security, will moderate a panel at this week’s 10thAnnual Billington Cybersecurity Summit on how to start building a defensive barrier to keep sensitive data safe.

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Thales has partnered with ISARA Corporation and ID Quantique to collaborate on a quantum-safe, crypto-agile solution designed to protect against the security threat of quantum computing.

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5th August 2019 – Collaborations with ISARA Corporation and ID Quantique will make quantum-safe crypto more widely available to protect data in the cloud, applications and across networks.

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By ISARA Corporation August 1, 2019 Isogeny-based cryptography is one of the most promising areas of quantum-safe cryptography, but it is also the most mathematically difficult to understand. In addition, since the main algorithm we will discuss—Supersingular Isogeny-based Diffie-Hellman (SIDH)—is less than a decade old, there is very little introductory material describing the fundamental concepts. […]

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Part of our mission at ISARA is to educate and raise awareness of the security risks introduced by large-scale quantum computing. Since I joined ISARA in 2016, I’ve spoken to individuals, enterprises, and governments around the world, and along the way, I’ve heard some incorrect assumptions about the impact of the quantum threat and what can be done about it today.

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By Paul Lucier, VP of Sales and Business Development, ISARA Corporation

Published on July 2, 2019

Awareness is spreading about the threat that large-scale quantum computing poses to current public key cryptography, and both nation-states and security professionals are taking note.

Over the last six months, we have seen a significant increase in discussion and investment in quantum-safe security development and testing.

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Aachen and Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, July 2, 2019 – Utimaco, one of the world’s largest manufacturers of Hardware Security Modules (HSMs) that provide the Root of Trust to numerous industries, and ISARA Corporation, the world’s leading provider of agile quantum-safe security solutions, today announced the world’s first commercial quantum-safe Hardware Security Module to secure data and infrastructure against an attack by a quantum computer.

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Strategic Innovation Fund award of $7.2 million joins Silicon Valley venture capital to build agile quantum-safe security solutions.

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On April 18th, 2019 Minister Navdeep Bains announced that the Canadian federal government is investing $41 million to support the organizations at Quantum Valley Investments with ISARA receiving $7.2 million.

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